The secret is out on Death Valley National Park. Visitation has grown 150% in the past 12 years. Sure, Yosemite’s mountains are showy and California’s redwoods are towering, but Death Valley isn’t trying to be your best friend. The Park presents a stark, sharp landscape that rewards visitors who are looking for something more edgy.
If that’s you, then read on because this guide will help you plan your Death Valley visit. We aim to be helpful here at California Crossings so this guide is stuffed with practical tips about the park, suggested things to do, an accommodation guide and packing ideas.
This guide is very thorough and we encourage you to scroll the whole thing, cause you’ll pick up some very useful Death Valley travel planning tips and cool ideas for things to do. But if you have particular questions, use this handy table of contents to skip around.
- Why visit Death Valley
- Info on the Death Valley Visitors Center
- Routes and distances for getting to Death Valley
- Food, gas and cell service
- The best time to visit Death Valley
- How many days do you need for Death Valley
- Top things to do in Death Valley National Park
- Where to stay in Death Valley
- Guided tours
- What to pack
Why Visit Death Valley
Death Valley is named for the doomed efforts of pioneers who, in 1949, were desperately seeking passage through the southern Sierra Nevada mountains. This hot dry landscape is an unforgiving place for a lost wagon train, but the pioneers persevered. After the establishment of California, Death Valley became a borax mining boom-town in the 1880’s.
In the 1920’s the Pacific Borax Company engaged in a generous act of corporate philanthropy when they lobbied the US government and local citizens to to turn their cash cow into a protected space. Pacific Borax succeeded and the area was designated a National Monument in 1933, and then a National Park in 1994.
There is something so beautiful about Death Valley’s landscape. At first glance it’s beige and bleak with its stark mountains and sharp geology. But upon closer inspection, the beauty begins to reveal itself. In an expansive landscape like Death Valley, the charm is often in the contrasting details.
The topography of the area includes a vast salt lake bed which is the lowest spot in the US at -282 feet. In stark contrast, the lake bed is dwarfed by the 11,000 foot Telegraph Peak. There are eroding sandstone cliffs, canyons, volcanic craters and cliffs “painted” with mineral deposits.
The lonely remnants of Death Valley’s mining boom also add historical interest to the park. This forbidding landscape and hard scrabble history has a lot of stories to tell, which is why visiting Death Valley National Park is such a treat.
For more background, check out some of our fun facts about Death Valley.
Death Valley National Park Visitor Center & Fees
Death Valley actually covers 5,200 square miles of Mohave Desert landscape. But many of the tops things to do in Death Valley are located in a centralized area surrounding Furnace Creek. So the park’s Visitor Center is located there.
Death Valley Passes
Death Valley has 5 roads that provide entrance into the park and none of them are gated. Access into the park is open all of the time. The Parks Service relies on the honor system for park visitors, but you need to purchase a pass and display it in your car.
The entrance fee for Death Valley is $30 per vehicle for a 7-day pass. Motorcycles are $25 and people traveling on foot (who does that in Death Valley?) or bike (ditto!) are $15. An annual pass to Death Valley is $55.
You can also use the $80 America the Beautiful National Parks annual pass, the free Military and Veterans pass or the $80 Senior lifetime pass to access the park.
Any of the passes can be purchased in advance on Recreation.gov or at the Furnace Creek Visitor Center.
What’s on Offer at the Furnace Creek Visitor Center
In addition to getting your passes, the Visitor’s Center provides services such as campground check-in for the Furnace Creek, Sunset and Texas spring campgrounds. You can also get advice on how to visit the park’s attractions, get hiking suggestions (with maps), and visit the bookstore. They also have museum exhibits on the park’s history and geology. And you can sign your kids up for the Junior Ranger program.
The on-site staff are very knowledgeable and friendly, so do be sure to stop in and ask them your questions. The Furnace Creek Visitor Center is open most days from 8a-5p.
How to Get to Death Valley
How Far is Death Valley from Los Angeles?
From LAX to Death Valley is 271 miles and 4.75-5.25 hours of driving. The fastest route is via Ridgecrest and the Panamint Valley. If you go that way, we suggest that you stop into Ballarat Ghost town on the way in.
You can take an a bit of extra time and go in via I15 through Baker and Death Valley Junction. That route allows you to detour down to Dante’s View.
How Far is Death Valley from San Francisco?
From SFO to Death Valley is 502 miles and will take 7-8 hours. The most reliable way is down I5 or Hwy 99 down to Tahachapi and then into the park through Ridgecrest. I prefer Highway 99 to I5 because there is far less truck traffic and you drive past some pretty orchards along the way.
The most scenic way to get from San Francisco to Death Valley is west on Highway 120 through Yosemite. Then take Tioga Pass to Highway 395. This route has amazing scenery. Make time for extra stops, or even better, add on extra days using our Highway 395 road trip itinerary. But we also have a looping route between SF and Death Valley that has some interesting stops around Ridgecrest and the Central Valley.
Be aware that using Tioga Pass requires a Yosemite entrance fee and it’s not open in the winter. The closure is usually from November to late-May, but check the Yosemite National park site for status.
Even if Tioga is closed, you can simply add an extra 1.5 hours, and get to Hwy 395 via I80 through South Lake Tahoe.
How Far is Death Valley from Las Vegas?
The distance is 111-142 miles and will take roughly 2 hours, depending upon which of three routes you use. Las Vegas is actually the closest airport to Death Valley.
If you go through Amargosa Valley to Death Valley Junction, you can make a pitstop to hang out with some aliens at Area 51. If you go through Pahrump, it will be slightly shorter and with either, you can detour down to Dante’s View.
Or, you can go a bit further north to Beatty, stopping at Rhyolite Ghost town and the Goldwell sculptures before heading into the northern reaches of the park. This would also be a good route for stopping at the Ubehebe Crater.
Here’s our guide for doing Death Valley as a day trip from Las Vegas.
How Long is the Death Valley Road?
People Google this question but it’s a difficult one to answer because there are many roads in the park and none of them are called “Death Valley Road”.
That said, Highway 190 is the major northeast-to-southwest thoroughfare through Death Valley. It runs 187 miles from Olancha (south of Lone Pine) to Death Valley Junction.
Where is the Death Valley Entrance?
There is no single entrance into Death Valley, but there are three main entrances that most people use. The first is to come in from Highway 395 at Lone Pine. The second is to come up the Panamint Valley Road from Ridgecrest. The third enters west into the park from Death Valley Junction.
There are two less popular but scenic routes. The first takes a fully paved low road along Badwater Basin south past Mormon point and the Ashford Mill ruins and into Shoshone. The other takes the narrow high road on Immigrant Canyon Road, which goes over a 5,300 foot pass.
In Immigrant Canyon, you can side track to the Charcoal Kilns site, but you’ll need all-wheel drive and some clearance to do that. There is also a short stretch of dirt road in Immigrant Canyon, but most cars and vans can handle it.
Is Driving in Death Valley Safe?
Yes. If you are worried about road conditions, all of the top sights listed here are accessible from paved roads. Some of the dirt roads are graded and accessible for normal passenger cars but others are only recommended for all 4×4 vehicles with clearance. The Park Service map has very clearly marked guidance on roads.
Food, Gas & Cell Service in Death Valley
Is There Cell Service in Death Valley?
There is poor service in the park. The AT&T, T-Mobile and Verizon coverage maps offer a patchy network that ranges from no coverage to “off network coverage”, which is code for “we will temp you with a bar or two but it won’t work well”. And forget about it on the more remote areas of the park or while hiking in slot canyons.
Where to Get Gas in Death Valley
There are three places within the park boundary to get gas. They are: Panamint Springs (on the west side), Stovepipe Wells Village (north/central) and Furnace Creek (next to the Visitor’s Center). Be aware that these are small gas stations and that they can and do sometimes run out of gas. So, keep your tank topped up.
In addition, Furnace Creek is the only gas station in the park that sells diesel and premium fuels.
There are also gas stations in the towns along the major gateway roads into the park. This includes Lone Pine (on Hwy 395), Ridgecrest (southern Panamint Valley), Shoshone and Pahrump (eastern edge), Beatty (northeastern edge), and Baker and Tecopa (to the south).
Where to Get Groceries in Death Valley
There is no proper grocery store in Death Valley. You can get snacks, treats and light grocery items like sandwich makings at the Panamint Springs store, Stovepipe Village and the Ranch at Furnace Creek.
Where to Eat in Death Valley
The Inn at Death Valley is the fancy hotel in the park. Their main restaurant has breakfast, lunch and dinner. Their dinner offerings are quite good and reservations are recommended. They also have a poolside cafe with sandwiches, wraps and the like.
The Ranch at Furnace Creek has The Ranch restaurant which offers breakfast and dinner. They also have the Last Kind Words Saloon which has a lovely wood bar and serves drinks, steaks, salads and burgers. The Coffee & Cream is open from 1-7p and has casual food, pizza, sandwiches and ice cream. The 19th Hole has burgers and a full bar (but it closes at 6pm).
Stovepipe Wells Village has the Toll Road which offers a breakfast buffet and a dinner menu. You can also eat in their Badwater Saloon.
I’ve eaten in all three of these concession venues and can say that they are all overpriced for the value. The food ranges from “kinda OK” to “not-to-bad”. You are a captive audience in Death Valley. So if you are on a budget, bring a cooler and pack as much of your own food as you can.
The Best Time to Visit Death Valley National Park
April and October are my favorite times because the weather is very pleasant. Summer is the worst time to visit because the volcanic 115′ temperatures will prevent you from enjoying your time outside.
- For wildflowers: The very best month to visit Death Valley is in April and if you’re lucky, the wildflowers will be in bloom. You can keep an eye on the Park’s website for a wildflower watch.
- For warm days and cool nights: March-April and October-November have great weather for your Death Valley visit. Average highs are are 80-90 and lows are 55-65.
- For fewer crowds: January is the quietest month for visitation, with half of what April gets. The stretch between Thanksgiving and Christmas are also quiet times for both Death Valley and nearby(ish) Joshua Tree National Park.
How Much Time do You Need for Death Valley?
Is one day enough for Death Valley? Not really. It’s the largest National Park in the continental US and there is a LOT to do and see. That said, some of the most popular sights are centrally situated. With the help of our Death Valley day trip guide, you can see the highlights in one day if you don’t mind scurrying around.
Two days will allow you to visit Death Valley’s top sites with more time for exploring. Here’s our two-day itinerary. And a three day Death Valley vacation will allow you to add in some of the longer hikes in the park.
Top Things to Do in Death Valley
There are so many cool things do to in Death Valley, it’s hard to figure out how to prioritize. We recommend doing a mix of scenic vistas, hikes and historic sites. That way, you’ll get a great sense of what the park is all about.
Mesquite Dunes at Dawn or Dusk
One of the best ways to get your awe inspired in Death Valley is to get up and out before dawn. Yes, it’s hard, but in in the park, it’s totally worth the pre-dawn alarm and dismal motel room coffee. You can get to the Mesquite dunes with a fairly easy 15 minute drive from Stovepipe Wells. Then hike into the dunes for 20-30 minutes and simply explore at random. The warm light against the orange sand is a beautiful wake-up call and this is a fantastic spot for an early morning photo shoot.
Badwater basin is the vast drainage aquifer for Death Valley, covering nearly 200 square miles of daunting salt flats. At -282 feet, it’s the lowest spot in the United States. It’s called “badwater” because a surveyor found that his mule wouldn’t drink the extremely salty water. You can visit anytime of day, but the valley is particularly beautiful at dusk, when the sun is setting over Telescope Peak to the west. From Furnace Creek, it will take 20 minutes to get to there. Go early because the parking lot is small.
The Golden Canyon Gower Gulch Hike
The Golden Canyon trail in Death Valley is popular…and for good reason. While hiking you enter an ancient portal into Death Valley’s unique geology. You leave the flats of Badwater Basin behind and enter the canyon’s narrow runway, flanked by yellow and red rock formations and intriguing tentacles along Golden Canyon’s side shoots.
Most people just do the Golden Canyon hike but we recommend taking the time to add on the Gower Gulch loop. It will give you views of the Badwater Basin, Zabriskie Point geology and some of the colorful mineral deposits that characterize the area. Here’s our full guide for hiking Golden Canyon and Gower Gulch.
Artist’s Palette Drive
This scenic drive is located in the Badwater Basin, so you can add it on before or after doing the Golden Canyon hike or Badwater Basin viewpoint. The Artist’s Palette one-way, nine mile drive will take you through an amazing geologic rainbow. One option is to simply do the drive and get a quick view of the eye candy. But I recommend that you can stop at the multiple pull-outs along the way.
You’ll be rewarded if you get out of the car and hike closer to these multi-hued rock formations. The second pullout has particularly good access for getting into the colorful side canyons.
Zabriskie Point at Dawn
Zabriskie Point at dawn is a must see for your Death Valley trip. The point has generous folds of sandstone in the foreground with the Panamint Mountains as a backdrop. Dawn is pretty enough with the morning sun lighting up the Panamint mountains in pink, but things get really interesting about 20 minutes later when the sun rises a bit more and starts throwing shadows onto the sandstone canyon below. From there, you can head down into the canyon for the 2.7 mile Badlands Loop hike. Zabriskie Point is a short ten minute drive from Furnace Creek.
Ryolite Ghost Town
Technically, Rhyolite is just outside of the park boundary. But since mining was such an important part of Death Valley’s history, it’s worth visiting. Rhyolite’s crumbling infrastructure offers a great lesson on California’s unpredictable mining history. The town went from boom to bust in just 20 short years. On site, you can poke around the building ruins, old rail cars and a cool building make of soda bottles. You should also visit the nearby Goldwell Sculpture garden.
If you like dusty and abandoned spots, check out this guide to California ghost towns. It includes a few others that are near Death Valley.
Dante’s View is 25 miles southeast of Furnace Creek. At a height of 5,400 feet, you’ll get wide angle panoramic views of the Badwater Basin and the Panamint mountain range.
The other cool thing about Dante’s View is that it’s the same view that Luke, Obi Wan, C3PO and R2D2 had when they were headed into Mos Eisley. And if you are a Star Wars nerd, the Twenty Mule Team Drive, Golden Canyon, Desolation Canyon, Mesquite Dunes and Artist’s Drive were also filming locations.
May the force be with you.
If You Have Extra Time
The Ubehebe Crater is 58 miles north of Furnace Creek. Death Valley visitors who are in a hurry quite often don’t make the time for it, but I found the crater fascinating. This unique formation is a 600 foot deep inverted volcano. It was formed when gases and magma built up and then exploded all over the surrounding desert floor. The resulting geology has created layers of colorful and textured rock deposits. While there, you can circumnavigate the 1.5 mile rim and/or walk down to the bottom of the crater.
Harmony Borax Works
Borax is a compound used in many detergents and other household products. It’s not as sexy as gold, but during the late 1800’s it was a major part of Death Valley’s mining operations. The Harmony Borax Works offer a quick history lesson on Death Valley’s mining history. It’s located just a few minutes north of Furnace Creek.
20 Mule Team Road
This 2.5 mile one way dirt road takes a drive into the landscape below Zabriskie Point. The short drive takes you through an eroded spare landscape and there is a short .3 mile hike to a nearby overlook.
Sidewinder Canyon Hike
This hike isn’t as popular as Golden Canyon, but it’s quite rewarding for the patient hiker. It’s billed as a 4 mile out and back hike, but the main trail ain’t no great shakes. The real attraction is exploring the four slot canyons that branch off to the south of the main route. They are a revelation and reminiscent of Antelope Canyon in Arizona. Check out our Sidewinder Canyon hiking guide— it has practical tips for how to do the hike with some cool pics that will make you want to go now.
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Where to Stay on Your Death Valley Trip
There are 12 private and public campgrounds in Death Valley, disbursed across the 5,200 square miles of the National Park. Which campground you choose will be dependent upon whether you want to be in the thick of things or out in the hinterlands. Use our guide to all Death Valley campgrounds and find the right option for you. You can also book a glamping tent in Panamint Springs.
If you prefer a hotel stay, there are three hotels within the park. They range in quality and, frankly, none are a fabulous deal for the money. But if you aren’t camping, it’s worth staying at one of these three places because the nearest lodging outside of the park is 60 miles away. However, book early because during high season, these lodgings fill up fast.
- The Inn at Death Valley is a fancy historic inn, with lovely grounds and a nice restaurant. Check reviews and book with Booking.com.
- The Ranch at Death Valley is a centrally located family-friendly place in Furnace Creek. Check reviews and book with Booking.com.
- The Stovepipe Wells Village Hotel is a perfectly servicable motel. They don’t have a lot of amenities, but there is a restaurant and small store onsite. Check reviews on Trip Advisor.
- If those properties are booked, or out of your price range, you can also book a basic motel in Pahrump, which is 60 miles southeast of Furnace Creek.
Can you rent a cabin in Death Valley?
No. There are no cabins for rent in the park.
Are There Airbnbs near Death Valley?
The closest Airbnbs to central Death Valley are in Pahrump, which is an hour from Furnace Creek. There are also a few listings in Shoshone, Beatty, Lone Pine and yet more in Ridgecrest.
Death Valley Guided Tours
The National Park sometimes runs guided ranger tours or talks for Golden Canyon, Mesquite Dunes, Badwater and Harmony Borax Works. Check their calendar to see if anything is scheduled for your Death Valley visit.
If you are staying in Las Vegas, you can book onto one of several different Death Valley guided day tours. All of them are approximately 10 hours and will pick-up from Las Vegas hotels and Airbnbs. They are all ~$250 per person for the full day, which includes a guide, national park fee, lunch, snacks and water.
The tours differ by which stops they make and whether or not you can customize your options. Check out these four choices and click on the link to get more info, read reviews and book.
- The Death Valley Day Trip from Las Vegas: This is a basic “best-of” tour. It adds a stop for the Devil’s Golf Course and doesn’t go to Dante’s View.
- Small-Group Death Valley National Park Day Trip from Las Vegas: This tour does stop at Dante’s Peak and Pahrump, but it doesn’t go to the Mesquite Dunes.
- Private Death Valley Crater Tour from Las Vegas: This tour includes the Amargosa Opera House and also the Ubehebe Crater. But it short-changes the Artist’s Drive. However, this is a private tour for a minimum of two people, so you could talk to them about customizing the itinerary.
- Private Death Valley Hiking Tour from Las Vegas: This tour is slightly more expensive than the others, but it is also fully customizable and is geared toward hiking.
What to Pack for Death Valley National Park
- Bring a ton of water. This is the Mohave Desert after all and the hikes and vista points don’t have water. Bring a water bottle for on the go and stock the car with larger refillable bottles like this wide mouth gallon jug.
- Bring a cooler full of food. Distances are too far for you to be going out and back for every meal. Take a good sized cooler that will keep cold in the heat and will hold a decent amount of lunch and snack items. The Yeti coolers are expensive, but they keep food cold for far longer than cheaper coolers. Plus they come in fun colors. Alternatively, you can get a plug-in cooler, which uses your car’s 12 volt plug to keep things cold.
- Pack layers. Just because it doesn’t rain (much) in Death Valley, doesn’t mean that there isn’t weather. On my most recent trip, I went through three layers just on the Golden Canyon hike.
- Proper hiking pants. Yoga pants and gym shorts don’t cut it when you are hiking because you don’t want to be dropping your phone and keys all over Death Valley. Proper hiking pants or shorts with zippered pockets are a must. I love the hiking pants from Kuhl. They are breathable, stretchy and have zippered pockets. I’m also a big fan of Columbia hiking clothing. They manage to strike the right balance between price and quality and their clothes have a more generous cut.
- Proper hiking shoes. You don’t necessarily need heavy hiking boots for your Death Valley trip, but you should at least invest in some trail runners or light hikers. Flexible sole gym shoes aren’t good for gripping the rocky, gravely soil of Death Valley. We’ve put well over 1,000 miles on the Hoka Speedgoat trail runners. They have strong foot cushioning and decent grip.
- A fully charged camera or phone. Death Valley is pretty. You’ll want to have a full charge so that you can take as many pics as you want. Amazon Basics sells an inexpensive charger that will give you two full cell phone charges.
There’s your Death Valley travel guide. We’re hoping that it’s given you all of the practical information that you need for your trip. If you have any questions, be sure to find us on Facebook. Have fun and happy trails!
(see our Death Valley webstory)
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